Nursing Homes Are Not Always Equipped to Recover Stroke Patients
2016 recommendations from the American Stroke Association (ASA) still stand true in 2019. If someone living in a nursing home has a stroke, they should be treated in an inpatient rehabilitation facility, rather than remain in the home. The resident may need intensive, multidisciplinary treatment and initial rehabilitation should take place in a specialized care facility equipped with the appropriate care staff. The ASA recommendations go on further to say that the “patient should participate in at least three hours of rehabilitation a day from physical therapists, occupational therapists, and speech therapists.” Since nurses are continuously available and doctors visit more often than at nursing homes, any form of recovery will be faster than if the patient remains under previous nursing home care.
6 Types of Stroke
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke explains these six different types of stroke occurring most common to nursing home patients.
- Embolic stroke:A clot develops in a part of the body other than the brain (commonly the heart). It travels through the bloodstream into the brain, where it lodges in a small artery. This stroke occurs suddenly and without warning. Approximately 15% of embolic strokes occur in persons with atrial fibrillation.
- Ischemic stroke:The most common type of stroke; accounts for approximately 80% of all strokes. Caused by a clot or other blockage within an artery leading to the brain.
- Thrombotic stroke: A clot forms in the blood vessels of the brain; usually one of the cerebral arteries. It remains attached to the artery wall until it grows large enough to occlude blood flow. May be preceded by one or more TIAs.
- Lacunar infarct:Small, deep infarcts located mainly in the basal ganglia and thalamus. May also affect the brain stem, internal and external capsules and periventricular white matter. When a stroke occurs due to small vessel disease, a very small infarction results, sometimes called a lacunar infarction. Most likely caused by atherosclerotic occlusion of perforating branches. Accounts for approximately 25% of all ischemic strokes.
- Cerebral hemorrhage:Caused by the sudden rupture of an artery in the brain. Blood spills out, compressing brain structures. Approximately 20% of strokes are caused by hemorrhage.
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage:Caused by the sudden rupture of an artery. The location of the rupture leads to blood filling the space surrounding the brain rather than inside of it.
Rehabilitation can have a big impact on a stroke survivor’s quality of life. These individuals may require ongoing, unique medical support because of paralysis and weakness, a decline in gross and fine motor skills, and speech and language therapies, especially if negligent nursing home staff missed the early signs of stroke and treatment was delayed.
Legal Support for Nursing Home Residents
If you believe that a loved one who suffered a stroke is not receiving the right care or that their stroke occurred because of nursing home negligence in Chicago or throughout Illinois, take action and immediately contact Levin & Perconti. Or call us at 877-374-1417 or 312-332-2872 to set up a free consultation with an experienced nursing home neglect lawyer.
This meeting is free, confidential, convenient, and respectful of your difficult experience. No other legal team in Illinois has a track record like ours. We’re ready to help you recover from your stroke with the support and compensation you need.