The number of pressure ulcers throughout the U.S. remains unacceptably high. A recent study in the April 2007 American Journal of Nursing examined the incidence and high cost of pressure ulcers and presents the results of an implemented protocol to reduce the occurrence of the widespread problem. Clinical nurse specialists institute a Pressure Ulcer Prevention Protocol Interventions (PUPPI) at the Ohio State University Medical Center. The protocol is a nursing initiative that involves assessing risk and nutritional status, providing skin care, documenting, and giving referrals as needed. Pressure ulcer protocols have shown a decrease in incidence by almost 90% in nursing homes and almost 25% in critically ill patients.
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