Most legal issues related to nursing home abuse and neglect are state cases. In general, injury matters are rooted in basic negligence that is heard in state court, unless there are unique issues involved or parties from different states. One of those unique issues which has actually led to federal court decisions in recent years relates to arbitration.
We have frequently discussed how binding arbitration agreements are often snuck into nursing home admission forms. These agreements may require a family to use a separate arbitration process to resolve disputes–including those for neglect and abuse–instead of filing a lawsuit and being heard in the traditional manner. The procedural rules are different in arbitration, and it is a process that is generally far more favorable for the nursing home company–that is why they like it.
Over the years, there have been various legal cases challenging the validity of these mandatory arbitration agreements. Those cases have made various arguments as to why specific agreements are invalid as well as why all such agreements should not hold. Some of those suits were made in state courts, while a few have been heard by federal judges.