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Researchers with the advocate group Human Rights Watch interviewed 323 people and visited 109 nursing homes in six U.S. states between October 2016 and March 2017. The goal was to discuss the overuse and misuse of antipsychotic drugs given to dementia patients in their care. Those states included California, Florida, Kansas, New York, Texas and several facilities right here in Illinois. The interviews were conducted with nursing home residents, caregivers, and staff, ombudsmen, advocacy organizations, and disability experts.

The group used information collected in those interviews as well as federal data to estimate the percentage of dementia patients who are inappropriately given drugs in order to restrain them. The nursing home abuse and neglect attorneys at Levin & Perconti found these conclusions to be more than alarming. According to the 157-page report, titled, They Want Docile:

  • Each week, approximately 179,000 nursing home residents with dementia are inappropriately medicated and categorized as being chemically restrained.
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LP-long-term-care-ratings-blog-300x207AARP has reviewed all 50 states and the District of Columbia to highlight progress and pace of change, as well as identify needs for the improvements of long-term care services and support systems for older adults, people with physical disabilities (those who cannot perform daily activities on their own because of physical, cognitive, or chronic health conditions), and family caregivers. The scorecard, Picking Up The Pace of Change, shows that although many states have made some advancements in care scenarios, most systems aren’t changing fast enough to support the growing trends the baby boomer generation will demand within the next decade.

The scorecard ranks states based on their performance in these five main categories:

  • Affordability and access
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With national opioid addiction rates at an all-time high, civilians, lawmakers, and loved ones of victims are all calling for stricter controls on the extremely addictive medications. The ability to obtain opioids such as fentanyl, morphine, oxycodone, and other drugs is surprisingly easy and many who find themselves hooked on the drugs had their addiction begin with a doctor-prescribed prescription for some sort of pain management. If drug companies are being asked to reevaluate marketing tactics and distribution methods of opioids, then prescribers themselves should also be forced to closely examine how frequently and to whom they are prescribing pain killers. Doctors in hospitals, clinics, private practices, and nursing homes, as well as dentists, oral surgeons and anyone else with prescribing ability should all be held to the same standard. The pharmacies that dispense these drugs, whether free-standing (independent stores or local, regional, or national chains) or in-house (within hospitals), need to be tracking prescriptions vigilantly, but also monitoring how they are dispensed to the actual patient and how they are stored within the facility.

Last April, Levin & Perconti founding partner Steven Levin was interviewed by ABC 7 Chicago about an incident that sounds like a plot from a tv mystery. An anonymous person mailed a box of fentanyl patches to ABC 7 I-Team investigative reporter Chuck Goudie with a note that read “these lay around like candy.” The package was stamped Oak Park, Illinois, but the box of fentanyl patches was prescribed to a patient at Westchester Health & Rehabilitation that died two weeks after the prescription fill date. The pharmacy that supplies the nursing home with its prescription drugs fills ‘drug carts’ that are kept on site at Westchester Health & Rehab, and asks that the nursing home use the cart to store medications and lock them up when not in use.

While the sender of the package is unknown, it is clear that they wanted to let someone with a voice know that the ease of getting their hands on opioids at the nursing home was quite easy. Nursing homes with lax standards for keeping track of opioid inventory may just be ideal grounds for a thief to swindle these coveted prescription painkillers. In fact, during his interview, Steve Levin told ABC 7 that properly securing prescription drugs in nursing homes has been a long-standing problem, despite strict federal and state laws that dictate how they are prescribed, dispensed, and stored.

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A study led by Washington state nonprofit group, Washington Health Alliance, recently concluded that in just one year more than 600,000 patients received medical treatment they didn’t need. Examples of treatment overuse included annual cervical cancer testing, lab work before elective procedures, or annual electrocardiograms and other heart tests for people who don’t need them.

To identify the issue of medical overuse or overtreatment, the group collected information from its All-Payer Claims Database for approximately 2.4 million commercially insured lives in the state of Washington using a tool called the Health Waste Calculator. The calculator is a part of the Milliman MedInsight suite of analytic tools and software designed to help identify and quantify overused health care services. The software was designed after health care spending estimates indicated that overuse could account for as much as one-third of total health care spending in the United States and contributes to the expensive rise in the cost of healthcare for all Americans. From the initial review, the group was then able to examine the cases of 1.3 million patients in Washington state who received one of 47 tests or services that medical experts flag as overused or unnecessary.

Study highlights include:

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A study of skilled nursing facility ratings combined with individual nursing home staff interviews found that long-term care facilities who improved their overall quality rating by just one star saw a jump in admissions.  The study, recently published in the American Journal of Health Economics and led by Assistant Professor Marcelo Coca Perraillon of the Colorado School of Public Health, found that the relationship between an admissions increase and the acquisition of a star was stronger for nursing homes that were already rated 3 or 4 stars out of the possible 5 according to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services’ (CMS) rating system. Specifically, nursing homes who went from 3 stars to 4 stars saw a 4.7% admissions gain. Nursing homes who went from 4 stars to 5 stars saw a 2.1% admissions gain. The study team cautions that if nursing homes are aware of the correlation between gaining a star from CMS and an admissions increase, that this knowledge likely encourages middle-to-upper-ranked facilities to beef up the services and quality of care they provide in order to gain a better rating.

Through interviews with nursing homes staff, Professor Perraillon and his researchers found that nursing homes who were rated just one star seemed to care the least about boosting ratings, which Professor Perraillon theorizes is likely because they can get away with little to no improvement and still draw residents. Their analysis of star ratings revealed these one star facilities were more often than not in low income areas and had a higher level of Medicaid residents than private pay and Medicare residents.

Among the other conclusions made by Professor Perraillon and his team through their research:

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Levin-Perconti-Dementia-Abuse-Blog-PicToday, an estimated 5.5 million Americans have been diagnosed with the tragic memory, thinking and behavior disease, Alzheimer’s – one of the most common forms of dementia. As these people age, 75 percent of them will be admitted to a nursing home by their 80th birthday and fully dependent on someone else to care for them. Unfortunately, there are too many times when these patients are abused. In fact, the Alzheimer’s Association reports there are approximately 1 to 2 million cases of elder abuse incidences each year for dementia residents living in community settings such as nursing homes and long-term care facilities. Most adult protective services officials and long-term care ombudsman will say the true incident rates are likely to be much higher though since this abuse can come in many different ways as defined by the Alzheimer’s Association:

  • Physical: causing physical pain or injury
  • Emotional: verbal assaults, threats of abuse, harassment and intimidation
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Trust is at the center of many resident/nursing home relationships. This trust can make it hard for residents and their families to believe nursing home staff would abuse their power. The sad truth is: nursing home abuse towards residents can show up in many different ways, including physical, emotional, mental, or through financial wrongdoings, often leaving families worrisome and anxious about the possibility of a loved one being injured, ignored, left without proper medical care, or taken advantage of.

The Associated Press recently highlighted the issue of elder financial abuse in a January 29, 2018 story. The news organization reported that a former nursing home supervisor in West Virginia had been sentenced to one year and one month in federal prison for embezzlement, after admitting to diverting residents’ payment checks into a bank account dedicated for nursing home expenses. Once the deposit was made, the employee would write checks to herself and forge signatures to make the checks usable. A federal court in Charleston found the thirty-five-year-old woman guilty of mail fraud and ordered her to pay more than $81,000 in restitution.

Examples of Elder Financial Abuse

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Lead health officials seem to agree that this season’s flu is extremely dangerous and contagious, making aging care facilities, where people share spaces and depend on others for hygiene care, a prime location for the virus to spread. In New Zealand, seven elderly people died at a nursing home when a large-scale influenza outbreak swept through the facility and targeted 123 residents.

In addition, around 3,500 people die of the flu each year across the U.S., typically affecting the elderly and very young children most severely. The World Health Organization has confirmed nearly 12,000 flu-related hospitalizations from October 1 to January 20, with thousands more expected as the flu season peaks in the U.S. and around the globe. While safeguards and policies can’t always keep nursing home residents from becoming infected, they can help lessen the impact and reduce the risk of further flu-related sicknesses.

3 Most Common Flu Complications for Elderly Patients

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The story is one of the most tragic our nursing home abuse and neglect attorneys have heard in years. A series of horrifying acts of neglect on behalf of Aperion Care Moline resulted in the August strangulation death of a male resident. Multiple distress calls were made by the man’s roommate when he realized the now-deceased was entangled in the straps of his nightgown after they had become wrapped around the foot of his bed. It took nearly 20 minutes before a CNA finally arrived. Upon arrival, the CNA noticed the man had turned blue and was not breathing. Instead of offering immediate care to the strangled victim, Aperion Care Moline nursing staff wasted precious time attempting to figure out if the victim had a Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) order. He did not. According to an Illinois Department of Health investigation, the CNA rolled the man on his side and allegedly did not perform CPR because he was vomiting. By the time emergency medical personnel arrived, the patient was gone.

Upon learning of the incident this morning, Levin & Perconti spoke about the Aperion Care Moline strangulation death with a national CPR expert who teaches CPR to physicians, nurses, CNAs and laypeople across the country. Current CPR teaching indicates that in the event of vomiting, you must turn a patient’s head to clear their airway and once clear, begin CPR if the patient is not breathing. Vomiting is NOT cause to rule out CPR. It has also been reported that not all Aperion Care Moline CNAs were trained in CPR and that the facility did not have a fully stocked crash cart, missing both portable suction equipment and supplies needed to give an IV.

Levin & Perconti: Top Illinois Attorneys for Nursing Home Abuse and Neglect

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Illini Restorative Care, a senior living facility owned by Genesis Health in Silvis, Illinois (the quad cities), was fined $250,000 in September when a CNA reported that a colleague posted a topless picture of a male resident on social media. The female CNA told investigators from the Illinois Department of Public Health that she was on a social media site on her cell phone and put it in her pocket when the resident needed her attention. She says she unknowingly took the photo and posted it to her social media account. Genesis reported that it fired the CNA for violating their cell phone policy, which forbids employees from carrying their cell phones into resident’s rooms, and that they were the ones to report the violation to IDPH.

Not an Isolated Incident

In 2015, ProPublica published a report on the number of known instances of employees posting resident photos on social media. At that time, there were 47 known incidents between 2012-2015. As of June 2017, the number of reported cases had increased to 65. One of the violations detailed by ProPublica happened at Rosewood Care Center in St. Charles, IL. In that case, an employee posted a video of a co-worker slapping a 97 year old resident in the face while the resident cried for them to stop. Rosewood reported that the two employees were fired. The other reports came from all over the country, with another incident occurring in Peoria, and several in Wisconsin.